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My Thoughts On The First Two Political Parties

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Michael asks…what were the FIRST TWO POLITICAL PARTIES of Canada in 1867?What were the FIRST TWO Political Parties of Canada in 1867?Political News Writer answers:There seem to have been three parties represented in the parliament at Confederation in 1867; the Liberal party, the Conservative Party, and some anti-Confederation people.David asks…What year were the first two political parties developed?I know they were the federalists and the the democrats but what year were they developed I need it for homework please respond!!!
I mean from the United StatesPolitical News Writer answers:Are you talking about the current political parties? As in: Democrat/Republican? They were not formed for quite some time.

The two first political parties were Federalists and Anti Federalists.

I don’t know for sure which year they were formed; but it had to have been something like 1776….because they were formed based on ratifying the Constitution.

The Anti Federalists wanted to hold on the idea that power should be in the states’ power rather than in a central government’s power. They opposed the constitution, for the most part.

Federalists wanted a strong central government and wanted the Constitution….

The Constitution was signed in 1788. So since America gained its freedom in 1776, and before that, a Constitution was not even a thought….I assume that the 2 parties formed soon after America’s independence and were around until and maybe after….1788Lizzie asks…What were the first two political parties and what were their key beliefs?thanks.Political News Writer answers:The First Party System of The United States featured the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party. The Federalist Party grew from Washington’s Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, who favored a strong central government. The Democratic-Republican Party was founded by James Madison and by Washington’s Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, who strongly opposed Hamilton’s agenda.Linda asks…Choose one of the first two political parties. Who were its leaders and what were its basic goals for the?nation?Political News Writer answers:The first two parties were the Federalist party and the Democrat-Republican party:

The Federalists, as a rule, were advocates of a strong central government. They were somewhat pessimistic about human nature and believed that the government must resist the passions of the general public. One of the government’s prime functions was to maintain order. The Federalists tended to place their faith in the talents of a small governing elite.

Since many Federalists were large landowners, bankers and businessmen, they favored the government’s efforts to encourage and protect American industry.

The Federalists were very strong in New England and had large pockets of support in the Middle States.

In foreign affairs the Federalists supported the British, with whom they had strong trade ties, and opposed the French, who at the time were convulsed by the French Revolution.

George Washington would have resented having any party label attached to his name, but he was philosophically aligned with the Federalists. John Adams’ administration marked the end of Federalist control of the presidency with Thomas Jefferson’s election in 1800 ushering in an era of Democratic-Republicans.

The War of 1812 spelled the end for Federalism as a national force. Some members opposed the War and flirted with secession; Federalism ironically had become a party of states’ rights and was largely confined to New England. Rufus King was the last Federalist presidential candidate in 1816.

In time the basic tenets of Federalism would triumph in the United States, but not until the dawning of the Industrial Age.

There is some confusion over the use of the term federalist since its meaning changed sharply over a very short period of time.

The original “Federalists” were supporters of the ratification of the Constitution in the years between 1787 and 1790. Those who had strong objections to the new document were labeled the “Anti-Federalists.” Both Hamilton and Jefferson favored ratification and were regarded as Federalists at that time.

However, following the squabble over the creation of the First Bank of the United States, partisanship entered the Washington cabinet. Hamilton headed the Federalists who favored a strong central government, while Jefferson was the leader of the Jeffersonian-Republicans, those favoring a diffusion of power.

In short, Jefferson and his supporters were Federalists in 1790, but were not a few years later.

The Democrat-Republican party:

The Jeffersonian Republican party, better known as the Democratic-Republican Party, is an ancestor of the modern DEMOCRATIC PARTY. It evolved in the 1790s during the early days of GEORGE WASHINGTON’s presidency. Washington had been unanimously chosen president in 1789 and had a broad base of support. THOMAS JEFFERSON served as Washington’s SECRETARY OF STATE, while ALEXANDER HAMILTON served as secretary of the treasury. Jefferson and his followers favored states’ rights and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. They believed that a powerful central government posed a threat to individual liberties. They viewed the United States more as a confederation of sovereign entities woven together by a common interest. Hamilton and his followers argued that a strong central government was essential to the unity of the new nation. They favored a broad interpretation of the Constitution, which they saw as a document that should evolve with the country as it grew.

Virtually all the leading political figures of the new country, starting with Washington, believed that political parties would polarize citizens and paralyze government. Hamilton and Jefferson agreed with this notion, but by 1793 the two groups that they represented had broken off into separate factions. Hamilton’s group became the Federalists, while Jefferson’s faction adopted the name “Democratic Republicans.”

One early and divisive difference between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans was how they approached Britain and France. The Federalists believed that American foreign policy should favor British interests, while the Democratic-Republicans wanted to strengthen ties with the French. The Democratic-Republicans supported the government that had taken over France after the revolution of 1789.

On economic matters, the Jeffersonians differed strongly with the Federalists. The Democratic-Republicans believed in protecting the interests of the working classes—merchants, farmers, and laborers. They believed that an agrarian economy would best serve these citizens. They saw the establishment of a national BANK OF THE UNITED STATES (which Hamilton strongly favored) as a means of usurping power that belonged to individual states, and they also believed that it would be tied too closely to the rich. The Federalists saw industry and manufacturing as the best means of domestic growth and economic self-sufficiency. They favored the existence of protective tariffs on imports (which had Congress had adopted in 1789) both as a means of protecting domestic production and as a source of revenue.

The ratification in 1795 of Jay’s Treaty (named after JOHN JAY) sparked anger at the Federalists from a wide array of citizens. The British were still in control of fur-trading posts in the Northwest Territories, and they were accused of encouraging Indians to rise up against the Americans. British ships were seizing American ships and impressing American sailors; they were also prohibiting American ships from engaging in trade with the West Indies. Jay, the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, was sent to England as an envoy and returned with a treaty that gave the British a deadline for leaving the fur posts. Almost none of the other issues was addressed. A particularly unpopular provision of the treaty called for the U.S. To settle pre-Revolution debts to the British, totaling $2.6 million.

Jeffersonians, and even many Federalists, felt that the treaty had been too generous to the British, although Hamilton saw it as a necessary action because Britain generated tariff revenues through its exports. In 1796, JOHN ADAMS (a Federalist) was elected the nation’s second president with 71 electoral votes, defeating Jefferson by three votes. Jefferson became vice president.

Meanwhile, relations with France were deteriorating rapidly. The notorious “XYZ Affair” in 1796 was typical of what Jeffersonians saw as the weakness of FEDERALISM. The XYZ AFFAIR involved an unsuccessful attempt by a French agent to exact bribes in exchange for France’s cooperation in negotiating an international trade treaty. France, angered by the pro-British Jay’s Treaty, began to interfere with American ships. An American delegation was sent to France, and the French demanded a loan to the French government as well as a $240,000 bribe.

Although American public opinion hardened against the French, President Adams tried to repair the situation diplomatically, which angered many Federalists who thought that declaring war on France was the best course of action. This split within the FEDERALIST PARTY helped to ensure Jefferson’s victory in the 1800 presidential election. Democratic-Republicans also won a majority of the seats in Congress.

Jefferson’s party dominated American politics for the next two decades. One reason was that the Jeffersonians proved themselves to be willing to adapt to change. An example was the LOUISIANA PURCHASE of 1803. As a Republican, Jefferson initially felt that the president did not have the power to make such a large purchase (828,000 square miles). He recognized, however, that the price of $15 million (about three cents per acre) was a significant bargain, and that the purchase would double the size of the U.S. And also eliminate the danger of having an imperialist French colony on its border. He went against his partisan instinct and made what he believed was the right decision for the country.

During the WAR OF 1812, Jefferson’s successor, JAMES MADISON, battled the British overseas and the Federalists at home. Many Federalists, especially in the New England states, felt that the war would irreparably damage their ability to trade by sea with Europe. This anti-war stance proved unpopular, however, since the war ended in what most Americans perceived as a victory over Great Britain. Thus the Federalists were soundly defeated in the 1816 presidential election. The new president, JAMES MONROE, presided over a time of relative political calm during which many Federalists came to support the Republicans. This period was known as the “Era of Good Feeling,” and although Monroe enjoyed wide support during his two terms in office, various factions were developing within his own party.

In the election of 1824, JOHN QUINCY ADAMS was elected president, narrowly defeating War of 1812 military hero ANDREW JACKSON. Although both were Democratic-Republicans, Adams’s political philosophy was closer to that of the Federalists, and during his term in office the party split into two main factions. When Jackson ran for president in 1828, he ran as a Democrat—and won handily. Adams’s wing of the party became known as the National Republicans, many of whom later formed the WHIG PARTY.Powered by Yahoo! Answers

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